It is difficult to get ahead in the academic world especially if you have a different communicative language. Editing a dissertation at an advanced level can be a challenging task for most of the English as a second language (ESL) students. The primary reason being the vast linguistic and cultural differences. Also, the editing ability of ESL students may be influenced by self-regulation and other emotional factors.
Some of the difficulties faced by ESL students while editing the dissertation are:
1. Grammar and punctuation - Due to lack of knowledge about English grammar an ESL student may find it hard to spot and correct the grammatical and punctuation errors within the document.
2. Text structure - Due to insufficient knowledge about text structure, students will not be able to notice the unstructured sentences, thereby ending up submitting a dissertation in which sentences aren’t well organised.
3. Plagiarism - Due to reasons like inability to implement the ideas in a dissertation or lack of understanding in the research topic ESL students may borrow and incorporate content from various sources. But due to insufficient information about how to remove plagiarised content and the consequences of plagiarism, they submit a dissertation with plagiarised content.
Whatever may be the reason, submitting a dissertation filled with plenty of errors will lead to direct rejection of the same. To help ESL students with their editing process, here’s a list of useful tips that serve its purpose;
1. Look out for varied structure and length - Take a printout and look at the sentences. Check if they are too long or too short. If necessary add extra information or remove superfluous sentences.
2. Check each sentence - Read the paragraph line by line. This lets you focus on each sentence. Highlight the subject and underline the verb for each clause. Pay extra attention to a sentence that starts with for, nor, and, but, or, yet, so, as, because; these sentences run a risk of being a sentence fragment. Also, look for misplaced commas or other punctuation marks.
3. Check for pronouns - Check if the writing is specific on who/ what the pronoun is referring to. Also, look for singular or plural consistency.
4. Check for citations- Check if the specific citation style as demanded by the University is implemented throughout the dissertation. Thoroughly read the guidelines of the citation style and ensure if the same has been followed while incorporating the same.
5. Check for plagiarism - Make sure you have used quotation marks if you have taken quotes from different sources. Check if the sources, and cited and there is no duplicity in the contents throughout your work.
6. Check for transitions - Ensure appropriate transition between the paragraphs and sentences.
7. Check for common errors - Grammar and punctuation errors are the most common mistakes committed by a student during the writing process. Thoroughly check for grammar, punctuations, subject-verb agreement, verbs etc.
Follow the above mentioned steps and edit the dissertation in order to make it look perfect and flawless. If you need some assistance you can consider taking help from https://www.scribbr.com/proofreading-editing/dissertation-editing-service/, http://editingproofreading.com.my/.